The FDA Issues Call for Pets to be on Year-Round Heartworm Prevention
The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has released an update suggesting that owners consider keeping their pets on heartworm preventatives all year round. Heartworm is a parasitic disease found all over North America. It is not directly contagious between pets but is spread by a mosquito biting an infected pet and then taking a blood meal from another pet. Many areas that previously did not have heartworm now do, partly due to the transport of infected dogs into new regions.
It is important to realize that heartworm is a disease that is much easier to prevent than to treat. Dogs and cats can be given oral medications or topical therapies once a month that act retroactively to halt infection. Dogs that are infected have just one approved method of treatment involving an arsenic derived drug. There is no approved treatment for cats. Luckily cats do seem to be more resistant to heartworm infection and illness than dogs.
Diagnosis of heartworm disease is routinely done by a simple blood sample. Most clinics recommend periodic testing, even for pets on year round prevention programs. No medication is 100 percent effective and early diagnosis means easier treatment for your pet. In addition, owners sometimes forget to give the preventative each month. Infected dogs often develop respiratory problems and eventual heart failure leading to death.
For more information, please visit: http://www.fda.gov/forconsumers/consumerupdates/ucm371377.htm